Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Surgery in Amedabad

Dr Rakesh Sanol - Ventral Hernia Doctor in Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India


    The Ventral Hernia

    Sadbhavna is considered as one of the Best Ventral Hernia hospital in Ahmedabad, A ventral hernia is a bulge through an opening in the muscles on the abdomen. If a hernia reduces in size when a person is lying flat or in response to manual pressure, it is reducible. If it cannot be reduced, it is irreducible or incarcerated, and a portion of the intestine may be bulging through the hernia sac. A hernia is strangulated if the intestine is trapped in the hernia pouch and the blood supply to the intestine is decreased. This is a surgical emergency. A primary abdominal hernia occurs spontaneously in an area of natural weakness of the abdominal muscle. An incisional hernia bulges through a past incision site. This issue can be the result of scar tissue or weak muscles around the site. An epigastric hernia bulges midline above the umbilicus.


    The most common symptoms of a hernia are:

    • Visible bulge in the abdominal wall, especially with coughing or straining
    • Hernia site pain or pressure Sharp abdominal pain and vomiting may mean that the intestine has slipped through the hernia sac and is strangulated. This is a surgical emergency and immediate treatment is needed.


    The site is checked for a bulge.


    Other tests may include:

    • Ultrasound
    • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
    • Blood tests
    • Urinalysis
    • Electrocardiogram (ECG)—for patients over 45 or if high risk of heart problems


    ABDOMINAL WALL HERNIA : They are also called ventral hernias. They can occur: Large hernia with loop of intestine

    • At birth (congenital)
    • Over time due to muscle weakness
    • At a past incision site

    INCISIONAL HERNIAS Incisional hernias can develop at the laparoscopic port site in 5 of 1,000 patients and in up to 150 of 1,000 patients who have had a prior open abdominal incision. Most appear in the first 5 years after an operation. Risk factors that can contribute to incisional hernia formation include:

    • Obesity, which creates tension and pressure on abdominal muscles
    • Large abdominal incisions
    • Postoperative infection (note that smoking is related to higher infection rates)
    • Weakness of the connective tissue (the material between the cells of the body that gives it strength, sometimes called the cellular glue)
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Pulmonary disease



    The type of operation depends on the hernia size, location, and if it is a repeat hernia. Your health, age, anesthesia risk, and the surgeon’s expertise are also important. An operation is the only treatment for a hernia repair. Single Mesh Repair PL Sutured Muscle Repair


    The surgeon makes an incision near the hernia site. The bulging tissue is gently pushed back into the abdomen. Sutures, mesh, or a tissue flap is used to close the muscle. With complex or large hernias, small drains may be placed going from inside to the outside of the abdomen. The site is closed using sutures, staples, or surgical glue.


    The hernia sac is removed. Mesh is placed over the hernia site. The mesh is attached using sutures sewn into the span class="sub-title"er tissue surrounding the hernia site. Mesh is often used for large hernia repairs and may reduce the risk that a hernia will come back. The site is closed using sutures, staples, or surgical glue.


    The surgeon will make several small punctures or incisions in the abdomen. Ports or trocars (hollow tubes) are inserted into the openings. Surgical tools are placed into the ports. The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to make it easier for the surgeon to see a hernia. Mesh is sutured, stapled, or clipped to the muscle around the hernia site. The hernia site can also be sewn directly together.



    There is no one type of repair that is good for all ventral hernias. Laparoscopic repairs are associated with lower infection rates and shorter hospital stays. There is no difference in recurrence rates, long-term pain, or quality of life. For patients with strangulated intestines and infections, the laparoscopic approach may not be an option.


    Mesh reduces the risk that the hernia will return again. Mesh can be tacked, stapled, or sutured. Obesity and wound complications increase the risk of recurrence You may be placed on a weight loss, smoking cessation, or a diabetes control program before an elective repair to support the best outcome.


    watchful waiting is an option for a hernia without symptoms. All patients should get treatment if they have sudden sharp abdominal pain and vomiting. These symptoms can indicate an incarcerated hernia and bowel obstruction Trusses or belts made to apply pressure to a hernia require correct fitting. When used correctly, part or complete control of a hernia was achieved in 31% of patients, and 64% found the truss to be uncomfortable.


    Risks from Outcomes Reported in the Last 10 Years of Literature Percent for Average Patient Keeping You Informed
    Urinary retention: Inability to urinate after the urinary catheter is removed 21% General anesthesia, older age, prostate problems, and diabetes may be associated with urinary retention. A temporary catheter or medication may be used to treat retention.
    Seroma: A collection of serous (clear/yellow) fluid 12% A seroma usually goes away on its own within 4 to 6 weeks. Rarely, the fluid is removed with a sterile needle
    Recurrence: A hernia can recur up to several years after repair Open 12% Laparoscopic 10% Non-Mesh 17% 11 Recurrence rates are higher for complex or infected hernia repair or for repairs done without mesh. In a 5-year follow-up, 6% to 20% of patients with mesh, repair experienced serious complications, including bowel obstruction, fistulas, or tunneling wounds
    Intestines/bowel injury Open Less than 1% Laparoscopic 4.3% Injury will be repaired at the time of operation. If there is bowel leakage into the abdominal cavity, the hernia repair will be done after the bowel heals. A nasogastric (NG) tube will be placed to keep the stomach empty until fluid is moving through the bowel.
    Wound infection: Infection at the area of the incision or near the organ where surgery was performed Open 3.9% Laparoscopic Less than 1% Antibiotics and drainage of the wound may be needed. Smoking can increase the risk of infection.
    Return to surgery: The need to go back to the operating room due to a problem after the prior surgery. Open 2.5% Laparoscopic Less than 1% Significant pain and bleeding may cause a return to surgery. Your surgical and anesthesia team is prepared to reduce all risks of the return to surgery.
    Pneumonia: Infection in the lungs Open: 1.2% Laparoscopic Less than 1% Stopping smoking, movement, and deep breathing after your operation can help prevent respiratory infections.
    Urinary tract infection: Infection of the bladder or kidneys Open 1.2% Laparoscopic Less than 1% Drinking fluids and catheter care decrease the risk of bladder infection.
    Heart complication: Includes heart attack or sudden stopping of the heart Less than 1% Problems with your heart or lungs can be aggravated by general anesthesia. Your anesthesia provider will take your history and suggest the best option for you.
    Renal (kidney) failure: Kidneys no longer function in making urine and/or cleaning the blood of toxins Less than 1% Preexisting renal conditions; fluid imbalance, Type 1 diabetes; over age 65; antibiotics; and other medications may increase the risk.



    Bring a list of all of the medications, vitamins, and any over-the-counter medicines that you are taking. Your medications may have to be adjusted before your operation. Some medications can affect your recovery and response to anesthesia. Most often you will take your morning medication with a sip of water.


    Let your anesthesia provider know if you have allergies, neurologic disease (epilepsy, stroke), heart disease, stomach problems, lung disease (asthma, emphysema), endocrine disease (diabetes, thyroid conditions), or loose teeth; use alcohol or drugs; take any herbs or vitamins; or if you have a history of nausea and vomiting with anesthesia.

    If you smoke, you should let your surgical team know, and you should plan to quit. Quitting before your surgery can decrease your rate of respiratory and wound complications and increase your chances of staying smoke-free for life. Resources to help you quit may be found at


    If you have local anesthesia, you will usually go home the same day. You may stay overnight if you have a repair of a large or incarcerated hernia. A laparoscopic repair may result in a longer anesthesia time. Complications such as severe nausea and vomiting or an inability to pass urine may also result in a longer stay



    • Do not eat for 4 hours or drink anything but clear liquids for at least 2 hours before the operation.
    • Shower and clean your abdomen and groin area with a mild antibacterial soap.
    • Brush your teeth and rinse your mouth out with mouthwash.
    • Do not shave the surgical site; your surgical team will clip the hair nearest the incision site.


    • Insurance card and identification
    • Advance directives (see Glossary)
    • List of medicines
    • Loose-fitting, comfortable clothes
    • Slip-on shoes that don’t require that you bend over
    • Leave jewelry and valuables at home


    You will be moved to a recovery room where your heart rate, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, blood pressure, and urine output will be closely watched. Be sure that all visitors wash their hands.


    An identification (ID) bracelet and allergy bracelet with your name and hospital/clinic number will be placed on your wrist. These should be checked by all health team members before they perform any procedures or give you medication. Your surgeon will mark and initial the operation site.


    An intravenous line (IV) will be started to give you fluids and medication. For general anesthesia, you will be asleep and pain-free. A tube will be placed in your throat to help you breathe during the operation. For spinal anesthesia, a small needle with medication will be placed on your back near your spinal column


    Movement and deep breathing after your operation can help prevent postoperative complications such as blood clots, fluid in your lungs, and pneumonia. Every hour, take 5 to 10 deep breaths and hold each breath for 3 to 5 seconds. When you have an operation, you are at risk of getting blood clots because of not moving during anesthesia. The longer and more complicated your surgery, the greater the risk. This risk is decreased by getting up and walking 5 to 6 times per day, wearing special support stockings or compression boots on your legs, and, for high-risk patients, taking a medication that thins your blood.



      If general anesthesia is given or if you are taking narcotic pain medication, it may cause you to feel different for 2 or 3 days, have difficulty with memory, or feel more fatigued. You should not drive, drink alcohol, or make any big decisions for at least 2 days


      When you wake up, you will be able to drink small amounts of liquid. If you do not feel sick, you can begin eating regular foods.

      Continue to drink lots of fl uids, usually about 8 to 10 glasses per day.

      Eat a high-fi ber diet so you don’t strain during bowel movements


      Slowly increase your activity. Be sure to get up and walk every hour or so to prevent blood clots.

      Do not lift or participate in strenuous activity for 3 to 5 days for laparoscopic and 10 to 14 days for open procedure.

      You may go home in 1 to 2 days for a laparoscopic repair. If your appendix ruptured or you have other health issues or complications, you may stay longer.

      It is normal to feel tired. You may need more sleep than usual.


      You may usually return to work 1 week after laparoscopic or open repair, as long as you don’t do any heavy lifting. Discuss the timing with your surgeon.

      Do not lift items heavier than 10 pounds or participate in strenuous activity for at least 4 to 6 weeks.


      Avoid straining with bowel movements by increasing the fiber in your diet with high- fiber foods or over-the-counter medicines (like Metamucil® and FiberCon®). Be sure you are drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water each day.


      The amount of pain is different for each person. Some people need only 1 to 3 doses of pain control medication, while others need more. The new medicine you will need after your operation is for pain control, and your doctor will advise how much you should take. You can use throat lozenges if you have sore throat pain from the tube placed in your throat during your anesthesia.


      • Always wash your hands before and after touching near your incision site.
      • Do not soak in a bathtub until your stitches or Steri-Strips are removed. You may take a shower after the second postoperative day unless you are told not to.
      • Follow your surgeon’s instructions on when to change your bandages.
      • A small amount of drainage from the incision is normal. If the drainage is thick and yellow or the site is red, you may have an infection, so call your surgeon.
      • If you have a drain in one of your incisions, it will be taken out when the drainage stops.
      • Steri-Strips will fall off in 7 to 10 days or they will be removed during your fi rst offi ce visit.
      • If you have a glue-like covering over the incision, allow the glue to fl ake off on its own.
      • Avoid wearing tight or rough clothing. It may rub your incisions and make it harder for them to heal.
      • Protect the new skin, especially from the sun. The sun can burn and cause darker scarring.
      • Your scar will heal in about 4 to 6 weeks and will become softer and continue to fade over the next year.
      • Sensation around your incision will return in a few weeks or months.
      • Pain that will not go away
      • Pain that gets worse
      • A fever of more than 101°F or 38.3°C
      • Continuous vomiting
      • Swelling, redness, bleeding, or bad-smelling drainage from your wound site
      • span class="sub-title" or continuous abdominal pain or swelling of your abdomen
      • No bowel movement 2 to 3 days after the operation

      Everyone reacts to pain in a different way. A scale from 0 to 10 is used to measure pain. At a “0,” you do not feel any pain. A “10” is the worst pain you have ever felt. Following a laparoscopic procedure, pain is sometimes felt in the shoulder. This is due to the gas inserted into your abdomen during the procedure. Moving and walking help to decrease the gas and the right shoulder pain

      Extreme pain puts extra stress on your body at a time when your body needs to focus on healing. Do not wait until your pain has reached a level “10” or is unbearable before telling you, doctor or nurse. It is much easier to control pain before it becomes severe.


      Most non-opioid analgesics are classified as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They are used to treat mild pain and inflammation or can be combined with narcotics to treat severe pain. Possible side effects of NSAIDs are stomach upset, bleeding in the digestive tract, and fluid retention. These side effects usually are not seen with short-term use. Let your doctor know if you have heart, kidney, or liver problems. Examples of NSAIDs include ibuprofen, Motrin®, Aleve®, and Toradol® (given as a shot).


      Narcotics or opioids are used for severe pain. Possible side effects of narcotics are sleepiness, lowered blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate; skin rash and itching; constipation; nausea; and difficulty urinating. Some examples of narcotics include morphine, oxycodone (Percocet®/Percodan®), and hydromorphone (Dilaudid®). Medications can be given to control many of the side effects of narcotics..


      Splinting your stomach by placing a pillow over your abdomen with firm pressure before coughing or movement can help reduce the pain.

      Distraction helps you focus on other activities instead of your pain. Listening to music, playing games, or other engaging activities can help you cope with mild pain and anxiety. Splinting Your Stomach

      Guided imagery helps you direct and control your emotions. Close your eyes and gently inhale and exhale. Picture yourself in the center of somewhere beautiful. Feel the beauty surrounding you and your emotions coming back to your control. You should feel calmer.