Liver Surgery

Dr Rakesh Sanol - Liver Surgery Doctor in Ahmedabad, Gujarat



    The liver is an organ about the size of a football. It sits just under your rib cage on the right side of your abdomen. The liver is essential for digesting food and ridding your body of toxic substances.

    Liver disease can be inherited (genetic). Liver problems can also be caused by a variety of factors that damage the liver, such as viruses, alcohol use and obesity.

    Over time, conditions that damage the liver can lead to scarring (cirrhosis), which can lead to liver failure, a life-threatening condition. But early treatment may give the liver time to heal.


    Surgeons mostly perform a partial liver resection to remove a cancerous, precancerous or benign (noncancerous) tumor. Liver cancer can be primary — which means that it originates in the liver — or it can be secondary, which means that it originates in another organ and spreads.

      The most common liver cancers treated by partial Surgery include:

    • Hepatocellular carcinoma (primary liver cancer).
    • Cholangiocarcinoma (primary liver cancer).
    • Metastatic colorectal cancer (secondary liver cancer).
      Liver disease doesn't always cause noticeable signs and symptoms. If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, they may include:

    • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
    • Abdominal pain and swelling
    • Swelling in the legs and ankles
    • Itchy skin
    • Dark urine color
    • Pale stool color
    • Chronic fatigue
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Loss of appetite
    • Tendency to bruise easily
    • Finding the cause and extent of liver damage is important in guiding treatment. Your doctor is likely to start with a health history and thorough physical examination.
    • Blood tests: A group of blood tests called liver function tests can be used to diagnose liver disease. Other blood tests can be done to look for specific liver problems or genetic conditions.
    • Imaging tests: An ultrasound, CT scan and MRI can show liver damage.
    • Checking a tissue sample: Removing a tissue sample (biopsy) from your liver may help diagnose liver disease and look for signs of liver damage. A liver biopsy is most often done using a long needle inserted through the skin to extract a tissue sample that's sent to a lab for testing.

    Treatment for liver disease depends on your diagnosis. Some liver problems can be treated with lifestyle modifications, such as stopping alcohol use or losing weight, typically as part of a medical program that includes careful monitoring of liver function. Other liver problems may be treated with medications or may require surgery.

    Treatment for liver disease that causes or has led to liver failure may ultimately require a liver transplant.

    Recovery from liver surgery depends on a few factors: the scope of the operation, the size of the incision and your general health. The average hospital stay after a major surgery is five to six days. For a small liver resection, you can expect to remain at the hospital for three to four days.